Flag of Armenia
The national flag of Armenia, the Armenian Tricolour or Yeraguyn consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange on the bottom. The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people’s continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia’s independence and freedom. The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia.
Coat of arms of Armenia
The coat of arms consists of many components. In the center of the shield is a depiction of the Mount Ararat with Noah’s Ark sitting atop it. Surrounding Mount Ararat are symbols of old Armenian dynasties: top-left is Bagratuni Dynasty, top-right is Arsacid Dynasty, bottom-left is Artaxiad Dynasty, bottom-right is Rubenid Dynasty.
The lion (on the right side of the coat of arms) and eagle (on the left side of the coat of arms) support the shields and they were chosen because of their power, courage, patience, wisdom, and nobility in animal kingdom.
On the bottom side of the coat of arms is five vital elements. The broken chain represents effort shown by the nation to gain freedom and independence. The sword represents the power and strength of the nation. The wheat ears represents the hard working nature of the Armenian people. The feather represents the intellectual and cultural heritage of the Armenian people. The ribbon represents the colors of the flag of Armenia.
The main colour of the coat of arms is gold.
National anthem of Armenia
National anthem of Armenia “Mer Hayrenik” (Armenian script: “Մեր Հայրենիք”, English translation: “Our Fatherland”) was adopted on July 1st, 1991. It is based on the anthem of the Democratic Republic of Armenia (1918-1922), but with different lyrics. The lyrics were written as a poem by poet Mikael Nalbandian and later set to music by composer Barsegh Kanachyan.
In Armenia since ancient times apricot has been considered a traditional plant for cultivation and has shown the nature of the Armenian Highland.
For Armenians pomegranate symbolizes fertility and wealth because pomegranate trees in Armenia are hung with fruits over the year.
Eternity Sign (Arevakhach)
One of the traditional Armenian characters is peculiar appearance of swastika. The earliest swastika in Armenia belongs to the Neolithic period of human cultural evolution (about 7000-5000BC). The main value of Arevakhach is the sun, and the light, the movement of life, prosperity, joy, eternity and good luck.
Khachkar is a symbol of Armenia. Khachkars’ ancestors – vishaps – existed since the existence of Urartu state, and the most ancient Armenian cross-stone is dated 879 and placed in the temple of Garni. Prevalence of cross-stones in different regions of the world shows value and history of ancient Armenia.