Armenia, located in Asia Minor and Transcaucasia, is not the only the one of the most ancient countries in the Middle East but in the world as well. Armenia, whose secrets have not been wholly unearthed, can be called enigmatic, mysterious and holy.
According to the Bible, the Garden of Eden was found in the central part of the Armenian Highlands in the Euphrates and Tigris River Valleys and the Tchorokh and the Araks Rivers. The Old Civilizations of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians and Persians have mentioned Armenia and Armenians in their writings. It is recorded in the Old Testament and in other sources that Noah’s Ark had landed on the slopes of Mount Ararat in Armenia after the Biblical Flood. It is also mentioned that Noah after disembarking had planted a vine and made wine afterwards.
It’s not surprising that archeological excavations found the most ancient wine-making manufacturing near the village of Areni (Armenia) which is more than 6000 years old. Other archeological excavations have exhibited various skills and crafts of the inhabitants of the Armenian Highlands. It is now known that in the IV-V millenniums B.C. they were able to smelt copper, while in the second millennium B.C. they were able to smelt iron. The various ancient monuments and ethnic cultural traditions will ignite an interest in the archeologically, ethnographically and culturally inclined persons visiting Armenia.